ScrollBars Control in VB.Net

In VB.Net, the ScrollBar control is used to provide users with a graphical interface element for scrolling through content that exceeds the visible area of a container, such as a form or a panel. The ScrollBar control enables users to navigate vertically or horizontally within the container to access hidden or off-screen content.

Key aspects of the ScrollBar control

The ScrollBar control comes with several properties, events, and methods that allow for customization and interactivity. Let's explore some key aspects of the ScrollBar control:

  1. Orientation: The ScrollBar control can be oriented vertically or horizontally, depending on the layout and scrolling requirements of the container.
  2. Minimum and Maximum values: The Minimum and Maximum properties define the range of values that the ScrollBar represents. These values determine the scrolling boundaries and are typically set to reflect the size or extent of the content being scrolled.
  3. Value property: The Value property specifies the current position of the ScrollBar within the defined range. By manipulating this property, you can programmatically scroll to a specific location.
  4. SmallChange and LargeChange properties: These properties determine the amount of content to be scrolled when the user clicks the small increment or large increment areas of the ScrollBar, respectively.

To illustrate the usage of the ScrollBar control, consider a scenario where you have a large text box containing lengthy content. You can place a vertical ScrollBar control alongside the text box, enabling users to scroll through the text vertically. Here's an example:

' Create a TextBox control Dim textBox As New TextBox() textBox.Multiline = True textBox.ScrollBars = ScrollBars.None ' Disable default TextBox scrollbars ' Create a ScrollBar control Dim scrollBar As New VScrollBar() scrollBar.Dock = DockStyle.Right ' Position ScrollBar on the right side scrollBar.Minimum = 0 scrollBar.Maximum = 100 ' Adjust based on the content size scrollBar.SmallChange = 10 scrollBar.LargeChange = 20 ' Attach an event handler to the ScrollBar's ValueChanged event AddHandler scrollBar.ValueChanged, AddressOf ScrollBar_ValueChanged ' Update TextBox's position based on the ScrollBar's ValueChanged event Private Sub ScrollBar_ValueChanged(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) Dim value As Integer = DirectCast(sender, ScrollBar).Value textBox.Location = New Point(textBox.Location.X, -value) End Sub ' Add TextBox and ScrollBar to a container, such as a Form or Panel Controls.Add(textBox) Controls.Add(scrollBar)

In this example, the ScrollBar's ValueChanged event is handled to update the position of the TextBox based on the current value of the ScrollBar. As the user interacts with the ScrollBar, the TextBox's location is adjusted accordingly, creating the scrolling effect.


By using the ScrollBar control, you can enable users to navigate through content that extends beyond the visible area, enhancing the user experience and providing a means to access hidden information or large data sets within your VB.Net application.